Finnish Folk Rya Kits

This new series of Rya Rug kits that I am designing are based on the traditional folk Rya of Finland. ‘Suomen Kansanomaiset Ryijyt’.
Some of the earliest Rya in Finland date back to the 1700’s – 1800’s. Many of the rya of that period were geometric in shape, containing repetative squares, diamonds, diagonals and fish net patterns.
The Rya yarns were dyed using mainly local dyeplants of the region, such as Anthemis tinctorial – Marsh Labrador tea, Myrica gale, Bog myrtle, Birch leaves and bark, Alder buckthorn, Alder leaves and catkin, Willow bark, Spruce and pine cones, Parmelia lichen, Lichen saxatilis, Northern bedstraw. Red’s were obtained from Cochineal and Blues from Indigo, both of which were imported. Colours were darkened or blackened with the addition of iron to the dyebath.

Pori 1836
149 cm x 206 cm
Warp: Hemp
# Threads between rows: 8
Length of Pile: 1 cm
Owner: Yrjö Uotila

Pori1836
Pori1836

Hämeenlinna 1711
152 cm x 188 cm
# Threads between rows: 12
Rya Pile Length: 1.5 cm
# Threads per Knot: 6
Owner Galerie Horhammer, Helsinki
Deposited in Finnish National Museum

Ryijy - Hammenlinna 1711
Ryijy – Hammenlinna 1711

Pirkkala 1792
158 cm x 190 cm
Warp: fine linen thread
# Rows between rows of pile: 6 – 8
Length of Rya Pile: 1.1 cm
# Threads per rya knot: 3-4
Owner: Trade Councillor N. Tirkkonen

Ryijy Rya Rug - Pirkkala 1792
Ryijy Rya Rug – Pirkkala 1792

Jämsä
145 cm x 171 cm
Warp: Thick Hemp thread
# Threads between rows: 24
Length of Rya Pile: 3 cm
# Threads per Rya knot: 3

Ryijy Rya Rug - Jämsä
Ryijy Rya Rug – Jämsä

I will be adapting some of the Finnish rya rugs into smaller versions.
Rya Kits, Prices and details to come shortly.
If you have any questions, please contact me.
I am updating this website on a regular basis with new hand dyed yarns, handwoven items and other products. If you would like to keep informed of the latest developments, please Subscribe to my new Newsletter.
Päivi

Ikkuna Rya Rug Kits

I first designed these ‘Ikkuna’ Window Panes Rya kits about 20 years ago. I wove the first sample rya on my Glimakra tapestry loom. Each window pane gives a view of a different hand dyed colour, framed in black. The popular kits have gone through many variations over the years.

Ikkuna 2015 Rya Rug
Ikkuna 2015 Rya Rug

Ikkuna Rya Kit 2020

The new 2020 version of this rya kit will be dyed using the colours of nature. The dark window panes are of natural brown wool.
The coloured windows will each be dyed using natural plant dyes.
When working with natural dyes, the colours are seasonal. Not all dyeplants are availabe throughout the year. The type of soil that the plant grew in, the growing season, the quantity of dyestuff in the natural plant, the acidity or pH of the water, the temperature and length of time in the dyebath are all factors that affect the final colour that emerges. There are no repeats when working with nature’s colours. Each kit is unique.

Ikkuna 2020 Rya Rug Kit
48 Squares of Natural Plant Dyed Colours
Surrounded by Natural Brown Wool
Backing Length: 45 cm x 50 cm
Finished Size: 40 cm x 40 cm
Price: £150.00 GBP
plus shipping

The Rya kit includes:
Rya backing canvas
1.5 cm Rya Ruler
Plant Dyed Rya wool yarn
Pattern

If you have any questions, or would like to order a larger size in this design, please contact me.
Päivi

 

Rya Rug Backing

For those who don’t weave but like the plushness of a rya rug I now am able to supply the backing so you can make your own rya.
The backing is woven using a pure linen warp and wool weft.

Unfortunately, since I had surgery recently that caused damage to my arm, I am no longer able to weave large pieces on my floor looms.
I am very pleased to say that I have been able to source lovely rya backing fabrics that have been handwoven in Finland.
The warp is 100% linen yarn.
The weft is pure Finnish wool.

The rya backing can be ordered in a variety of widths.
Prices shown are per Meter length.

The spacing between each Rya knot row is 1 cm
Rya Rug Backing Fabric

Backing Width CMBacking Width InchesKnots per RowRows Per MeterPrice per Meter GBP 
35 cm14 inches52 knots100 rows£80.00
45 cm18 inches68 knots100 rows£85.00
54 cm21 inches80 knots100 rows£95.00
80 cm32 inches120 knots100 rows£125.00
100 cm40 inches150 knots100 rows£145.00
120 cm48 inches180 knots100 rows£165.00
130 cm52 inches195 knots100 rows£185.00

Finnish Rya Rug Backing
Finnish Rya Rug Backing

I have limited studio space so I only have a few lengths of rya backing in stock. Other widths and lengths can be custom ordered.

Please contact me
if you have any questions or would like to order a length of rya rug backing.

I am updating this website on a regular basis with new hand dyed yarns, handwoven items and other products. If you would like to keep informed of the latest developments, please Subscribe to my new Newsletter.

The spacing between each Rya knot row is 1 cm
For this design of rya backing fabric, you can choose to tie the rya knots on every warp grouping or you can space the knots out by skipping one warp group in between each knot.
For example, if you are using a thicker weight yarn such as a Sport or DK weight, it is best to leave a warp thread untied between each rya knot.
If you are using finer weight yarn such as a 4Ply or Sock yarn, tie the knots around every 2 warp threads.
In Finland, many variations in the spacing of rya knots were used, depending on the weight of the cloth, the thickness of yarn or the desired effect of the finished pile.
There is no one right way to tie rya knots.

Sirelius - Rya Knots
Sirelius – Rya Knots

Source: U.T. Sirelius – The Ryijy Rugs of Finland

All rya products are Custom orders and require a 50% non-refundable deposit.
This covers my cost of the yarns – should you change your mind and not want the product.
All payments are via Paypal.

Plant Dyed Rya Yarns
I also now have available plant dyed rya wool yarns that are suitable for use with this rya backing. Please visit Plant Dyed Rya Rug yarns for more information.

Rya Rug Instructions
Here are some instructions on how to sew rya knots onto a pre-woven rya backing fabric.

Rya Instructions

Stitching a Rya Rug
A rya rug can be either woven and knotted on a floor loom or the backing can be woven first and then the knotted pile design can be hand stitched onto woven backing.
I have provided written instructions on these rya making methods on my All Fiber Arts website.
The Finnish Rya is made of knotted wool(with about a 1 – 1.5 inch pile), tied to a handwoven fabric backing. The special rya backing is woven using linen warp and wool weft. The backing is woven with spacing to allow the rya knots to be tied or sewn in.

Rya Rug Backing
Rya Rug Backing

How to Stitch a Rya Rug – All Fiber Arts

How to Weave Rya Rug Backing Canvas – All Fiber Arts

How to Stitch a Rya Rug

I am updating this website on a regular basis with new hand dyed yarns, handwoven items and other products. If you would like to keep informed of the latest developments, please Subscribe to my new Newsletter.

PLEASE NOTE:
These “Rya Rugs” are designed to be hung on a wall as a piece of art. Using a Rya as floor or area rug is not recommended.

Sadly, over the years I have received many emails from rya rug owners, asking how to repair the hole in their rug that was created by a table or chair leg. A repair is possible sometimes, but this should not have happened. Ryas are traditionally used as a bed covering or a wall hanging. A Rya should be treated as a treasured piece of art, hung on the wall, not on the floor and can last for a lifetime when cared for properly.

Rya Rug Weaving Workshops
I will be offering rya rug weaving workshops where you will learn how to weave a rya rug using a table loom or a floor loom. In this method of rya making, the rya knots are made at the same time as the background cloth is woven.
For more information please visit
Scandinavian Weaves Workshop.
I will also add updates about current workshops offered via Twitter.

More About Rya Rugs
History of the Rya Rug
Bespoke Rya Rugs
Rya Rug Backing Fabric
How to Weave Rya Rug Backing Canvas