Finnish Folk Rya Kits

This new series of Rya Rug kits that I am designing are based on the traditional folk Rya of Finland. ‘Suomen Kansanomaiset Ryijyt’.
Some of the earliest Rya in Finland date back to the 1700’s – 1800’s. Many of the rya of that period were geometric in shape, containing repetative squares, diamonds, diagonals and fish net patterns.
The Rya yarns were dyed using mainly local dyeplants of the region, such as Anthemis tinctorial – Marsh Labrador tea, Myrica gale, Bog myrtle, Birch leaves and bark, Alder buckthorn, Alder leaves and catkin, Willow bark, Spruce and pine cones, Parmelia lichen, Lichen saxatilis, Northern bedstraw. Red’s were obtained from Cochineal and Blues from Indigo, both of which were imported. Colours were darkened or blackened with the addition of iron to the dyebath.

Pori 1836
149 cm x 206 cm
Warp: Hemp
# Threads between rows: 8
Length of Pile: 1 cm
Owner: Yrjö Uotila

Pori1836
Pori1836

Hämeenlinna 1711
152 cm x 188 cm
# Threads between rows: 12
Rya Pile Length: 1.5 cm
# Threads per Knot: 6
Owner Galerie Horhammer, Helsinki
Deposited in Finnish National Museum

Ryijy - Hammenlinna 1711
Ryijy – Hammenlinna 1711

Pirkkala 1792
158 cm x 190 cm
Warp: fine linen thread
# Rows between rows of pile: 6 – 8
Length of Rya Pile: 1.1 cm
# Threads per rya knot: 3-4
Owner: Trade Councillor N. Tirkkonen

Ryijy Rya Rug - Pirkkala 1792
Ryijy Rya Rug – Pirkkala 1792

Jämsä
145 cm x 171 cm
Warp: Thick Hemp thread
# Threads between rows: 24
Length of Rya Pile: 3 cm
# Threads per Rya knot: 3

Ryijy Rya Rug - Jämsä
Ryijy Rya Rug – Jämsä

I will be adapting some of the Finnish rya rugs into smaller versions.
Rya Kits, Prices and details to come shortly.
If you have any questions, please contact me.
I am updating this website on a regular basis with new hand dyed yarns, handwoven items and other products. If you would like to keep informed of the latest developments, please Subscribe to my new Newsletter.
Päivi

Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarns

Please Note:
I am not accepting custom orders for Rya Rugs at this time.
Here are a few other sources for ordering Rya rug kits and supplies.

Iltamaa
Jenni Vanhanen in Finland offers wonderful Finnish style rya rug backings and yarns.

Byrdcall Studio
Melinda Byrd sells Norwegian style rya rug kits and supplies.

For those who would like to make their own traditional style rya (ryijy) rug, I hand dyeing rya yarns using natural plant dyes. The world of plant dyes offers much variety and gentle colour to yarns. Each batch is uniquely dyed as the colour and shading varies depending on the soil and growing conditions of the plants, the acidity of the dye water and the length of time in the dyepot. This variety of colour gives a plant dyed rya rug a rich depth of shading.

These Rya Yarns have been designed to work best with the Finnish style of backing that I sell.
Traditionally, the rya pile on a Finnish rug is quite short in length.
The pile is packed quite firmly (4 threads per knot). This allows the pile to stand up quite straight, creating small points of colour in the finished piece, allowing for greater detail in the patterning.

Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarn
The rya yarns that I currently sell are all hand dyed with natural plant dyes. I dye the yarns in small skeins of 20 grams per skein. Each skein is approx. 80 meters in length.

Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarn
Plant Dyed Rya Rug Yarn

Below are tables that gives an estimate of how much yarn you will need depending on the size of rya rug and length of the rya pile.

Short Rya Pile – 1.5 cm
Using a 1.5 cm Rya ruler, a 1 meter length of yarn will tie approx. 12 – 15 knots.
Use 4 yarn threads per knot.

Rya Rug Size
Knots / Row
# RowsKnots / Meter
Yarn / per KnotTotal MetersTotal Skeins
 
35x100cm52100124173322
45x100cm68100124226728
54x100cm80100124266733
80x100cm120100124400050
100x100cm150100124500063
120x100cm180100124600075
130x100cm195100124650082

Long Rya Pile – 2.5 cm
When designing a longer length of rya pile, the rya looks best when the pile lies more flatly, overlapping the previous row of knots.
For this type of rya rug, I recommen using 3 threads per knot.
Using a 2.5 cm Rya Ruler, a 1 meter length of yarn will tie approx. 10-12 knots.

Rya Rug Size
Knots / Row
# RowsKnots / Meter
Yarn / KnotTotal MetersTotal Skeins
 
35x100cm52100103156020
45x100cm68100103204026
54x100cm80100103240030
80x100cm120100103360045
100x100cm150100103450057
120x10cm180100103540068
130x100cm195100103585074

Plant Dyed Organic Wool Yarns

I use high quality organic worsted spun wool for my hand dyed rya rug yarns. The yarns are quite soft to the touch. Rya rugs are not designed to be used as a floor rug but are meant to be hung on a wall as a tapestry and family heirloom. Please treat your hand made ryijy with care, so that you can pass it on to future generations. Plant dyes are more sensitive to gentle fading. Please hang your rya rug in a place that is not in direct sunlight, to help preserve the brightness of the colours.

.

Payment and Delivery Times
I generally request a 50% non-refundable deposit for Custom orders. This covers the cost of some of my yarns and materials, should you change your mind.
All Payments are by Paypal.
It usually takes about 2-4 weeks to complete a custom order, depending on my current production schedule. I will provide an estimate at the time of your order and will keep you updated on progress.

I am updating this website on a regular basis with new hand dyed yarns, handwoven items and other products. If you would like to keep informed of the latest developments, please Subscribe to my new Newsletter.

Rya Rug Backing

For those who don’t weave but like the plushness of a rya rug I now am able to supply the backing so you can make your own rya.
The backing is woven using a pure linen warp and wool weft.

Unfortunately, since I had surgery recently that caused damage to my arm, I am no longer able to weave large pieces on my floor looms.
I am very pleased to say that I have been able to source lovely rya backing fabrics that have been handwoven in Finland.
The warp is 100% linen yarn.
The weft is pure Finnish wool.

The rya backing can be ordered in a variety of widths.
Prices shown are per Meter length.

The spacing between each Rya knot row is 1 cm
Rya Rug Backing Fabric

Backing Width CMBacking Width InchesKnots per RowRows Per MeterPrice per Meter GBP 
35 cm14 inches52 knots100 rows£80.00
45 cm18 inches68 knots100 rows£85.00
54 cm21 inches80 knots100 rows£95.00
80 cm32 inches120 knots100 rows£125.00
100 cm40 inches150 knots100 rows£145.00
120 cm48 inches180 knots100 rows£165.00
130 cm52 inches195 knots100 rows£185.00

Finnish Rya Rug Backing
Finnish Rya Rug Backing

I have limited studio space so I only have a few lengths of rya backing in stock. Other widths and lengths can be custom ordered.

Please contact me
if you have any questions or would like to order a length of rya rug backing.

I am updating this website on a regular basis with new hand dyed yarns, handwoven items and other products. If you would like to keep informed of the latest developments, please Subscribe to my new Newsletter.

The spacing between each Rya knot row is 1 cm
For this design of rya backing fabric, you can choose to tie the rya knots on every warp grouping or you can space the knots out by skipping one warp group in between each knot.
For example, if you are using a thicker weight yarn such as a Sport or DK weight, it is best to leave a warp thread untied between each rya knot.
If you are using finer weight yarn such as a 4Ply or Sock yarn, tie the knots around every 2 warp threads.
In Finland, many variations in the spacing of rya knots were used, depending on the weight of the cloth, the thickness of yarn or the desired effect of the finished pile.
There is no one right way to tie rya knots.

Sirelius - Rya Knots
Sirelius – Rya Knots

Source: U.T. Sirelius – The Ryijy Rugs of Finland

All rya products are Custom orders and require a 50% non-refundable deposit.
This covers my cost of the yarns – should you change your mind and not want the product.
All payments are via Paypal.

Plant Dyed Rya Yarns
I also now have available plant dyed rya wool yarns that are suitable for use with this rya backing. Please visit Plant Dyed Rya Rug yarns for more information.

Rya Rug Instructions
Here are some instructions on how to sew rya knots onto a pre-woven rya backing fabric.